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Shri Parshuram from Indian perspective

It is believed that Lord Shriram brought the North and South India together and Lord Shrikrishna connected the East and West India. However, thousands of years before them, Lord Parshuram brought the entire Indian subcontinent culturally together through his massive travels and enterprise. It was a phenomenal contribution towards national integration and nation building. His endeavors connected Himachal to Kanyakumari and Arunachal and to Kashmir. The following is the record of the significant geographical locations found related to Lord Parshuram’s life and work.


1. Nirmund: A very important place from the interiors of Himachal. It is known by this name because it at this very place that Parshuram beheaded his mother Mata Renuka on the orders of his father. It is 200 km away from Shimla. The place is adorned by several temples. In a village near the last mountain there is a Parshuram temple, located centrally. The temple is built with carved wood and follows the Kangra architecture style. The temple boasts of several sections like Sabha Mandap (Outer pandal), Antaral (Inner sanctum) and Garbhagriha (Innermost sanctum). The temple has a surrounding wall as well. The idol is made of platinum. It is believed to have been adorned by diamonds and other precious stones. However, it was stolen but found again. But now it was without the jewellery. The temple also has idols of Uma-Maheshwar and Shri Vishnu-Lakshmi.
A short distance away from the village is Lord Parshuram’s palace. The structure is made of stone with a heavily carved wooden door. There is a separate space for Havan. Nearly 15000-20000 devotees arrive here for Parshuram Jayanti every year. The descendants of Parshuram’s family stay on a hillock behind the temple. There is rope way to be used to cross the valley between. The Discovery Channel had made a documentary on the phenomenon in 2005.
There is annual fest every year at the time of Parshuram Jayanti on the third day in Vaishakh. (March-April) The month-long festival is visited by millions of devotees from Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal, China and India. People believe that if the funeral rites and rituals are performed in the place, the dead get immediate salvation.
2. Renukagiri Gram: This place is situated to the extreme north of India near the Tibet border. There is a direct bus from Ambala and Chandigadh. Before we reach this place, there is a small village Kaurik which has a small temple of Lord Parshuram. On entering the Renukagiri Gram we can see a huge statue of Lord Parshuram welcoming everyone.
Renukagiri gram is situated on a saucer-like land, with Himalaya mountain range on all the sides. The Pradakshina route is approximately 6 km and goes through deep forests. On the way we can see Parshuram Taal (Lake), Renuka Mata idol, Renuka Taal, Dashavtar temple, Tapeka Teela( Lord Parshuram is believed to have meditated here), Sahastradhara and a sanctuary. There is a lake at the foot of the mountain where Renuka Mata gave up her life. The Dashavtar Garden has ten statues made of ----. The entire region is ecologically rich and one of the best projects of Himachal Pradesh.
3. Parshuram Kund: This pond is situated to the South western region in Arunachal Pradesh near the borders of Burma and China, in the basin of river Lohit. It is 20 km away from Tinsukhiya in north Asaam. It is said that after beheading Renuka Mata, the Parshu (the axe) of Parshuram stuck to his hand. Then he heard the divine orders to wash the Parshu in the waters of river Lohit to wash away the sins. Therefore Parshuram travelled to this place from Nirmund. Parshuram put the blood-stained Parshu in the river but still he could not get rid of it. So he struck it forcefully in the river basin. Then it got detached. But the force created the pond. It is further believed that there was an earthquake at that moment and it created a mountain of the shape of the axe near the pond.
The pond is huge with a diameter of 150 ft. The water of the pond became red because of the blood on the Parshu. The water is very deep. The original Parshuram temple near the pond is believed to have been destroyed by earthquakes and other natural events. Another temple is recently built in 1972. The temple celebrates a festival on the auspicious occasion of Makar Sankranti (in January) every year.
4. Kurukshetra: Kurukshetra in Haryana is a known as the battle field mentioned in Mahabharata where Kauravas fought the battle with Pandavas. There are five lakes in the region out of which Brahmasarovar has links with Lord Parshuram’s life. It is properly built and is 2km long and 1km wide.
There is a huge, south facing statue of Parshuram in front of the lake. The idol has aggressive stance. There is a Parshuram Dharmashala (a place to stay for the devotees). On the east of the place there is another lake Sannihat lake with a recently built Parshuram temple.
5. Parshuram Temple in Jammu: Lord Parshuram is believed to have travelled in the region between Karakoram Pass and Arunachal. Therefore, there are several temples of Parshuram found in the region. On entering Jammu we see a huge Parshuram temple situated on a mountain.
6. Janapava: This is the birthplace of Lord Parshuram in the Jamadagni’s house situated in the river valley of Chambal. It is on a mountain. Janapava is 10km from Mahu in Madhya Pradesh. It is known by the Jamadagni Ashram there. There is an ancient temple with an idol of Rishi Jamadagni. There is also another temple of Shri Parshuram. The idol is made in black stone. In spite of the five Jatras every year, the place was neglected so far by the tourists. However, the government of Madhya Pradesh gave it a status of a tourist place. And it has become a place of pilgrimage. There is a tourist lodge, ample parking space and a community hall.
The Parshuram temple is huge and has ivory idols of Rishi Jamadagni and Renuka Mata as well. The Janakeshwar Temple, Panchmukhi Maruti temple and Bhairavnath temple founded by Rishi Jamadagni are also situated in the premises. A pond by the name Brahma Kund is flocked by devotees attending the festivals on Maha Shivaratri, Parshuram Jayanti, Shravan Somvar , Sarvapitri Amavasya and Kartik Paurnima. This place is especially visited by tribals in the region.
7. Udawad Gufa Mandir (Udawad Cave Temple): Udawad Temple is situated on a hillock in a cave near Sadadi village in Rajasthan. The cave is 20X20ft in size, so only 15-20 people can enter it at one time. This temple has an exceptional feature, i.e. it has Lord Parshuram as one god of the Panchayatan along with Ganesh, Kartikeya, Shiv and Parvati. Lord Parshuram here is in a meditative stance. The temple shows one demon killed by the gods.
  The cave temple is 2000 ft. above sea level. It has all the amenities of lodging and boarding. People believe that a bath in the nearby Parshuram Kund cures skin dideases. The place can be reached by a direct bus from Udaypaur or by train up to Falana and by bus to Sadadi.
8. Tryambakeshwar: This well known pilgrim place near Nashik is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas. This place is also known as a place chosen by Lord Parshuram for meditation. There was an ancient temple of Parshuram. Presently, there is a temple 125 years old. The idol is made in vaishnav style with four hands. There is an idol of Lord Narayan. The Stone tablets found at the place speak of the glory of the Emperor Satvahan. The temple is believed to be constructed at the time of Yagnas performed by the Kings.
9. Shoorparak Kshetra: The place known as Nalasopara, a port in Mumbai was known in ancient times as Shoorparak. Vimalasur, a demon was creating obstacles in the religious Yagna. So Lord Parshuram killed him and re-established the people there. Therefore it is known as Parshuram Kshetra as well. The idol is flanked by Kal and Kam on both sides. There are separate temples of rishi Jamadagni and Renuka Mata in the premises. It is on the Mumbai-Surat railway route.
10. Tiruvantantpuram: Near this capital city of Kerala, the two rivers Kalamanayar and Parvatipu meet making it a holy place. There is a Parshuram temple with a 6ft tall idol of Lord Parshuram. The temple is situated in deep forest. The wood crafted temple is in Keralaput style of architecture. The temple was renovated 300 years back. The inner sanctum is a hexagon. The temple has small temples of Shiva and Brahmadev. There are celebrations on Parshuram jayanti, Vaikunth Chaturdashi, all the Ekadashi days (11th Day of every fortnight) and Kartik Krishna Navami.

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